6 Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) Stinging nettle is common in wet areas throughout the forests of southeast Idaho. There are a vast number of plants located throughout Canada that are toxic to horses in some respect. The most important plants to avoid are: Ragwort is one of the most important plants to NEVER feed your horse. This page is not available in your area. Nettle-leaved fathen (Chenopodium murale), is a branched, fleshy-leaved annual herb closely related to fathen. Is stinging nettle poisonous to horses? Some plants, however, can be as deadly to horses as they are to us. The berries contain solanin alkaloids which can cause symptoms if eaten in large quantities. Buying your first horse is an exciting time, after all, you’re about to start a great friendship that will hopefully last for many years to come, but what many people don’t mention is that it can... How To Choose The Right Halter For Your Horse. If you’re not sure if something is safe for your horse or not then it’s always better to avoid it. Horse nettle poisoning: Horse nettle is a herbaceous plant which has prickles and bears yellow berries. As soon as the grass is cut it starts to ferment and when it reaches the horse’s stomach it continues to ferment and expand. Overview. Have you got a picture of the plant you think might be nettle or perhaps a sample? Note that stinging nettle is a different plant than horse nettle (Solanum carolinense), a member of the nightshade family that can cause excessive salivation, diarrhea or constipation, depression and colic when eaten; serious cases may be fatal. While grass naturally eaten by horses will still ferment, this process won’t start until it’s moved much further along the digestion tract. Being from the same family as the deadly nightshade tomatoes contain an alkaloid known as atropine that can not only cause colic and digestive problems but also increase your horse’s heart rate. 2012-09-10 21:52:50 2012-09-10 21:52:50. If nothing else they can pose a choking hazard to your horse but are also toxic to horses, especially if they’re green or are rotten. This can result in colic and, in extreme cases, can rupture the stomach. If ingested, immediately call the Poison Control Center -- (800) 222-1222 -- or your doctor. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Urticaceae family. Ragwort is so toxic that it can even be harmful to humans (although there’s no risk of serious liver damage) if it gets onto your skin, it’s for this reason that you should always wear protective gloves when removing it from any grazing pastures. I have a real passion for horses and feel that they can add so much richness and joy to our lives which is why I created this blog. The dose, as always, determines if a plant is safe source of nutrients or a toxic hazard. Answered . Major Toxicity: These plants may cause serious illness or death. So, even though it is poisonous to humans & livestock it is a very important plant to the monarch butterfly. As a rule, horses won’t eat milkweed but if they don’t have enough good quality food or grazing they could end up eating it. These links will cost you no more than the standard cost of the item(s) in question but a small percentage of the price will go towards the upkeep of this site and help me to continue with the site so that I can hopefully help others. Horses and cattle are very different animals with totally different digestive systems and what is okay for one could prove fatal to the other. Many people think that horses, like all grazing animals, can eat all types of plants without suffering any ill effect from them. Last Update: %%BUILD_DATE%%. Some manifestations of toxicity are subtle. What is stinging nettle? They can cause a very irregular heartbeat as well as breathing issues, colic and in some cases death. After all of this talk of things you should never feed your horse you may be starting to worry about what is actually safe to feed him. Learn more about stinging nettle, hogweed, the aptly named “pain bush”, and other plants you should think twice about touching. Like a lot of plants that are harmful to horses its toxins, which destroys the vitamin B in the horse’s blood, become more potent when they’re dried. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. You may be interested to know that theobromine can also be toxic to humans! Take our user survey and have your say: By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) are plants which have stinging hairs containing serotonin, formic acid, histamine, and other elements that cause irritation to horses. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'horsefactbook_com-box-2','ezslot_3',132,'0','0']));Let’s be honest we all like to spoil our horses with treats from time to time but are you feeding them the right thing? I want this site to be a real factbook for new and experienced owners and riders alike. Stinging nettles are plants that are commonly found in many areas of the world. Often, this makes it difficult to pinpoint the source of the poison oak. Stinging nettle rash occurs when the skin comes into contact with stinging nettles. It contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are extremely toxic to horses. Stinging Nettles Much like the above example, the stinging nettle is not a tree, but an herbaceous plant. While garlic supplements are perfectly okay to feed to horses raw garlic, onions, chives and leeks should only be given in very small amounts. PLEASE NOTE: "Poisonous" does not mean deadly. Like horse chestnut, it is also known for its medicinal benefits, and it can even be eaten. If your horse gets into stinging nettle, they may start to act erratic including rolling, stomping, and biting, which could easily be mistaken for colic. A good resource for which plants to avoid and which herbs are toxic for horses is found here. They all contain a glycoalkaloid called solanine in the leaves, shoots, and unripe (green) berries. It is also possible for the the horse to have contacted nettle and died of unrelated, but unknown causes. It is often found growing in the wild in many parts of the world. In the summer, U. dioica produces flower clusters which Minor Toxicity: Ingestion of these plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. Mild cases can result in colic like symptoms and increased heart rate but sadly it can resulting death. The worst was my mare though, she then went and rubbed her nose so it … They all contain N-propyl disulphide which can cause anemia in horses. • Carrots • Apples • Pears • Melons (especially watermelon) • Peaches • Nectarines • Apricots • Plums • Berries (especially strawberries) • Mango • Grapes (including raisins) • Green beans • Mints • Citrus fruits • Celery •eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'horsefactbook_com-leader-3','ezslot_6',140,'0','0'])); eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'horsefactbook_com-leader-2','ezslot_4',154,'0','0']));You would never eat something yourself if you weren’t sure if it was okay to do or not so why would you consider giving it to your horse! In the Western Islands of Scotland stinging nettles use to be used as a natural rennet for cheese making. As a ‘by the way’ footnote, it’s the N-propyl disulphide that makes our eyes water when cutting onions. It can be a fashion statement, can be used to... My name’s Lucy and since learning to ride at the age of five I’ve not only owned dozens of horses and ponies (and a few donkeys) but I’ve also run a very successful riding school, teaching both English and Western. All three of my horses stuck there noses in stinging nettle (monkey see, monkey do, I swear). ... Make yourself aware of the weeds and plant species that can be invasive in pastures and/or poisonous to horses. Stinging nettles are plants with herbal properties and grow in the same places ... if uncooked, can be toxic to humans. There are a variety of resources on plants toxic to livestock, but the Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System seems to be the most comprehensive. Tree nettle (Urtica ferox) is the most common of the five native nettles. Toxic and Non-Toxic Plant List - Horse Plants Toxic to Horses Adam-and-Eve (Arum, Lord-and-Ladies, Wake Robin, Starch Root, Bobbins, Cuckoo Plant) | Scientific Names: Arum maculatum | Family: Araceae You might think that horses are able to eat cattle feed but this isn’t the case. Even if it’s dried and fed as hay bracken (or bracken fern as it’s sometimes called) can still be extremely toxic to horses and will, if not treated quickly, be fatal. Like all treats its always best feed them in moderation so if you’re going to feed your horse treats then don’t overdo it. Many plants are poisonous to equines; the species vary depending on location, climate, and grazing conditions.In many cases, entire genera are poisonous to equines and include many species spread over several continents. After all who hasn’t experienced their horse diving his head into a bunch of stinging nettles to eat as many as he can? Stinging nettle (Urtica dioca) is not thought to be particularly toxic. This content is not available in your region.www.rightdiagnosis.com. Containing a toxic chemical called theobromine, chocolate can be fatal to horses if they digest large quantities of it. If you enjoyed this article then you might find these interesting:eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'horsefactbook_com-leader-4','ezslot_7',141,'0','0'])); I hope you found this article helpful. Whether we realize it or not a halter is probably one of the most important (if not thee most important) pieces of kit any horse owner will ever have. Milkweed is extremely toxic to horses and can cause spasms, loss of control of muscles and even affect the horse’s heart rate. Horses won’t naturally choose to eat bracken but will if it’s been picked a fed to them.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'horsefactbook_com-box-4','ezslot_11',134,'0','0'])); This plant, which produces spores rather than seeds, is extremely toxic to horses. It’s the speed at which our body metabolizes theobromine that prevents use suffering any effects from it when we eat a ‘normal’ amount. Our servers have detected that you are accessing this site from a country that is a member of the European Union. In some cases continued consumption of lactose can cause colic and other digestive issues. The effects of feeding horsetail are a weakness (especially in the muscles) and an increased arrhythmic pulse that can, in a lot of cases, sadly prove to be fatal. While we all know that you should never feed ragwort to horses, be honest how many of you knew that bran isn’t good for them either? This blog contains affiliate links, however, I’ve only picked items that I genuinely feel may be of help to you. However, it generally takes a pound or more to cause poisoning. Dendrocnide moroides, also known as the stinging brush, mulberry-leaved stinger, gympie, gympie stinger, stinger, the suicide plant, or moonlighter, is a plant in the nettle family Urticaceae common to rainforest areas in the north-east of Australia. Plants such as mandrake, tomato, potato, tobacco and eggplant all belong to the nightshade family. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) Also see: Be cautious about weeds that are toxic to horses , Animal Health Digest, May 10, 2017. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'horsefactbook_com-banner-1','ezslot_5',619,'0','0']));You might be surprised to know that you shouldn’t feed horses buttercups, doing so can irritate their mouth and cause diarrhea as well as colic. How To Choose The Best Horse For You: 7 Tips To Help You Find The Right Horse. They can cause tremors and, if the horse ingests enough, kidney failure. What is the best treatment for my condition. This thin, upright nettle usually occurs in dense patches. While a large number of fruits are perfectly safe for your horse to eat you should only ever feed them fruit that has had the stone or seeds removed. It is a fairly common species, distinguishable by the presence of its sharp stingers throughout the leaves and stems of the plant. Filed Under: AAHA , Customer Service , Equine , … A perennial shrub with long sword-shaped leaves with vicious long white stinging hairs on the stems and leaf mid-rib. Stinging Nettles and Cheese Making. Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise. Some plants, however, can be as deadly to horses as they are to us. Nightshade Family (including Horse Nettle): The nightshade family (Solanum species) contains many toxic plants, including horse nettle, black nightshade, bittersweet nightshade, some species of groundcherry, and even tomatoes and potatoes. Horse nettle is a native perennial with spiny stems and leaves; the fruits are toxic and look like tiny yellow tomatoes. The toxins build up over time and cause irreparable liver damage which will quickly result in liver failure and ultimately death. Chickens, pigs, cows, horses, sheep and goats also can benefit from eating dried stinging nettle. Generally, horses don’t like the taste of tomatoes so they won’t choose to eat them but if they’re in your sandwich, for example, it could disguise the taste.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'horsefactbook_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_1',136,'0','0'])); Like tomatoes, potatoes are part of the deadly nightshade family and should never be fed to horses. It lists over 250 poisonous … 5 tablespoonfuls is … Containing high levels of calcium oxalates rhubarb is not only toxic to horses but a large number of other animals too. After all who hasn’t experienced their horse diving his head into a bunch of stinging nettles to eat as many as he can? Unlike some other toxic plants though milkweed is very rarely fatal to horses. Flowers in elongated clusters (racemes) at ends of stems, white to purple, about 1 inch across with 5 united petals, forming a five-pointed star with 5 large, yellow stamens protruding. The amount of horse nettle it takes to produce a toxic effect varies, depending on how concentrated the solanine isin the plant, and how much is eaten. Along with containing small amounts of toxins (such as arsenic in apple pips and cyanide in peaches) they can increase your horse’s chance of choking.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'horsefactbook_com-mobile-leaderboard-1','ezslot_9',137,'0','0'])); Feeding things like moldy or dusty hay to your horse is common sense but there are a number of other things you shouldn’t feed your horse.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'horsefactbook_com-mobile-leaderboard-2','ezslot_15',152,'0','0'])); In the past, it was thought that bran was good for horses but recent studies have shown that it can cause a mineral imbalance and have a negative effect on their digestion which will cause diarrhea. Stinging nettle causes extreme discomfort when touched. What do you think about the features of this website? The natural rennet recipe using nettles was prepared by adding a quart of salt to three pints of a strong decoction of nettles. Most commonly found in bush margins. A single mouthful or a few berries will have little effect on a mature horse. Generally, horses will graze around them and if they’re dried in hay or have been frozen (ie during winter) they will no longer be toxic. They had some irritation for a day or two, but some ointment on those cute noses cleared it right up. Please see our Terms of Use. link to How To Choose The Best Horse For You: 7 Tips To Help You Find The Right Horse, link to How To Choose The Right Halter For Your Horse. While you might think its kind to share your sandwich with your horse this can block their digestive system and cause colic. If you did I’d be grateful if you could share it please as it would really help me. We give our dried nettle to nursing mother rabbits in the early spring before other rich foods are readily available. They had some irritation for a day or two, but some ointment on those cute noses cleared it right up. If a horse rolls in it it will cause a very strong stinging rash on the horse. In smaller doses, it has a similar effect to caffeine which could result in competition horses failing a drug test and ultimate disqualification. That said though you shouldn’t feed them to horses anyway. It is also found in Indonesia. Copyright © 2014 Health Grades Inc. All rights reserved. Many need to be eaten in large doses to cause much of an effect, while others require only a few mouthfuls. Cattle, horses, sheep, and particularly swine, have been poisoned by ingesting pokeweed plant material. All three of my horses stuck there noses in stinging nettle (monkey see, monkey do, I swear). You have to be careful about the term stinging nettles as it refers to dozens of different plants though most are of the genus Urtica. In extreme cases, it can paralyze the muscles around the lungs. Stinging nettles are not toxic to horses who graze on them, but rolling on the plants may cause a painful skin rash. We tend to think of plants as only being dangerous if they’re poisonous, but there are some plants that are dangerous even to touch. U. dioica generally grows in moist, nitrogen-rich areas, preferring open, rich forests and disturbed sites. A member of the digitalis family foxgloves are so poisonous that eating just a 100g can kill a perfectly healthy horse in just a couple of hours.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'horsefactbook_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_13',632,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'horsefactbook_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_14',632,'0','1'])); While the name ‘deadly’ is an obvious clue that it’s toxic it’s worth noting that other plants in the same family should also be avoided. I wanted to help other people by passing on some of the things I’d learned. There are a large number of other plants, such as Laurel and Red Oak (including acorns), that can be harmful to horses and cause symptoms such as colic and diarrhea, but the plants listed above are the most important to avoid.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'horsefactbook_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_10',616,'0','0'])); While things such as carrots, apples and watermelon are perfectly okay for you to feed to your horse you may be surprised to know some of the things you should never feed to horses.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'horsefactbook_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_0',150,'0','0'])); It’s not just the fruit of avocados that’s toxic to horses but every single part of the tree is too, from the fruit to the leaves and even the bark. Likewise, you should never feed something meant for horses to cattle either.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'horsefactbook_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_16',138,'0','0'])); Like a lot of animals, horses are in fact lactose intolerant and eating dairy products such as milk and cheese can cause severe diarrhea. The worst was my mare though, she then went and rubbed her nose so it … Your efforts to relieve your horse’s pain will be for not, and the only thing that will help your horse is time. In animals, it can cause spontaneous abortions, diarrhea and vomiting. Toxicity Class (third column in table below). That said as long as you remove any pips, seeds or stones and the skin or peel as well as cut them so there’s no chance of your horse choking them all of these make great treats. Horse’s aren’t able to break down processed foods so it ends up causing an obstruction in their digestive tract. Many people think that horses, like all grazing animals, can eat all types of plants without suffering any ill effect from them. Scientific Name: Urtica chamaedryoidesPursh Common Name(s):heart-leaf nettle; weak nettle; ortiguilla Family:Urticaceae (nettle family) All types of privet are highly poisonous to horses but the box privet is the most dangerous, even in small amounts it can prove to be fatal. Large doses to cause much of an effect, while others require only a mouthfuls. As they are to us can benefit from eating dried stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica ) is fairly. Upright nettle usually occurs in dense patches: Ragwort is one of the weeds and plant species that be... They had some irritation for a day or two, but an herbaceous plant eating dried stinging nettle ( dioca... Three pints of a strong decoction of nettles and have your say by... Quart of salt to three pints of a strong decoction of nettles pyrrolizidine alkaloids which are extremely toxic humans... 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