To grow milk thistle, spread the seeds over the loose soil in the spring or fall. DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2005.00262.x. There are no guidelines directing the appropriate use of milk thistle. Milk thistle is a plant also known as Artichaut Sauvage, Cardo Lechoso, Cardui Mariae, Carduus marianus, Chardon Argenté, Chardon de Marie, Épine Blanche, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Lait de Notre-Dame, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Shui Fei Ji, Silibinin, Silybe de Marie, Silybum, Silymarin, and other names. Learn about the uses and potential benefits of Milk Thistle including dosage guidelines, side effects, interactions and safety/efficacy ratings. While it is not without benefit, milk thistle doesn't appear to exert a significant effect on either liver tissues or liver function.. More research into the effects of milk thistle on weight loss in humans is needed to confirm this, however. Scand J Gastroenterol. Using milk thistle as medicine became less common in the West during the twentieth century, perhaps with the discovery of penicillin and the development of modern medical approaches. It is not yet clear whether milk thistle is equally beneficial for bone loss with a different cause. Although this research suggests milk thistle could play a role in diabetes management, more research is needed to confirm whether milk thistle reduces insulin resistance and supports diabetes management. If left untreated, anaphylaxis can lead to shock, coma, cardiac or respiratory failure, or death. It typically grows up to at least 3 feet tall. Milk thistle, also known as blessed milk thistle, bull thistle, Chardon de Marie, and more) is a herbaceous plant with a red-purplish tubular flower head. It can be found in Mediterranean countries and is used for producing natural medicines . Exercises that tone the leg muscles and various lifestyle changes can help achieve this. Supplementing with Milk Thistle. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Silymarin has very powerful antioxidant, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties. Milk thistle ( Silybum marianum ) is a biennial flowering plant with medicinal properties.It's ultra easy to grow, but there's a caveat. It can be found in Mediterranean countries and is used for producing natural medicines . Learn about a variety of home remedies for…, © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. COVID-19: Which interventions reduce transmission? They are wet, and though not spectacularly tasty, they are wet. Effect of silymarin on chemical, functional, and morphological alterations of the liver. 2015;22(2):290-6. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2014.12.010, Kazazis CE, Evangelopoulos AA, Kollas A, Vallianou NG. Several studies have suggested that milk thistle may be beneficial for people with diabetes, most notably in those with type 2 diabetes. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Ana Maria Kausel, MD. 1982;17(4):517-21. doi:10.3109/00365528209182242, Seeff LB, Curto TM, Szabo G, et al. Supports liver health. Tonsillitis is a viral or bacterial infection that causes swelling and pain in and around the tonsils. Instead of using a milk thistle supplement, can also try consuming it in tea form to maximize the potential health benefits. For over 2,000 years, milk thistle has been used to cleanse and detox the kidneys, liver, and spleen, or as a natural treatment for liver and gallbladder disease [2] . Milk thistle is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family, native of souther Europe through to Asia. Milk Thistle Herb Notes / Side Effects. How to grow milk thistle from seed. Milk thistle is also known as Mary thistle or holy thistle. JAMA. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Complementary Medicine / Alternative Medicine, Gut bacteria can help rebuild the immune system. Another great health benefit of milk thistle is that it powerfully treat and even … According to a study published in 2015, milk thistle helped improve inflammatory skin conditions when applied to the skin of mice. Numerous CBD products may help people with pain management, among other things. A systematic review conducted in 2016 further concluded that the routine use of silymarin appears to reduce the fasting blood glucose and HbA1C levels, although the authors warned that the quality of the reviewed studies was poor. Milk thistle may help to promote healthy skin. When you visit your primary healthcare provider, you probably get a blood … Study finds that mindfulness does not actively reduce stress, COVID-19 live updates: Total number of cases passes 63.8 million. It can help in the management of cirrhosis of liver and hepatitis. Effects of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Milk thistle also contains other important nutrients such as vitamin E and vitamin C. It also contains a high amount of lipophilic compounds that act as a bioflavonoid antioxidant. Not just that, it is also beneficial in the fighting of various infections in the body system. Ebrahimpour, K.; Gargari, B.; Mobasseri, M. et al. The active ingredient in milk thistle is called silymarin. Dietary supplements containing milk thistle are sold in natural foods stores, drugstores, and stores specializing in herbal products. Milk thistle is a wild, commonly found plant with wide range of possible health benefits. Fighting acne. Milk thistle is a hardy plant that grows well in all different environments, although it prefers high temperatures and dry conditions. The potential health benefits of milk thistle are explored below. Once the flowers have finished blooming, they will leave behind seed clusters. But it may be a helpful complementary treatment to try. As mentioned above, this herb possesses a wealth of benefits, mainly supporting and protecting the normal functions of the liver. Numerous parts of the milk thistle plant can be used to care for various health illnesses. Milk thistle, in combination with other supplements, might improve the symptoms of indigestion. (silymarin) extract supplementation on antioxidant status and hs-CRP in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, The therapeutic potential of milk thistle in diabetes. Treat the Diabetes. Some call this thorny flower by other names such holy thistle, Mary thistle, or its scientific name silymarin marianum. How to treat tonsillitis symptoms at home. 2015 Feb 15;22(2):290-6. Here is what some of the current research says: Some preliminary studies have suggested that silymarin may improve liver function by keeping toxic substances from binding to liver cells. Why? CBD comes in a wide variety of forms, including tinctures. This extract of the plant is a natural antioxidant compound and detoxifier. Early monastic followers prized this prickly plant for its medicinal properties and claimed that the milky white veins in its leaves were like milk from the Virgin Mary, hence its name. Do SARS-CoV-2 mutations affect its transmissibility? Can Stinging Nettle Treat Arthritis, Allergies, and Enlarged Prostate? Milk thistle is an annual plant native to southern Europe and Asia, but today it is found all over the world. Milk thistle can help in promoting healthy skin. Research on milk thistle use for specific conditions shows: 1. Milk thistle detoxifies the liver. Milk Thistle Benefits and Uses. Milk thistle is a flowering plant that comes from the same family of plants as the daisy. According to the survey, people with hepatitis C reported fewer symptoms and a "somewhat better quality of life" when taking milk thistle despite having no measurable change in viral activity or liver inflammation. Edibles are foods or drinks containing cannabis extract. Here we are, another month, another plant of the month. Milk thistle benefits and uses Skin health. A double-blind controlled study. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves. It is always a good idea to speak to a healthcare professional before starting to use milk thistle or any other supplement, as it may interact with other medications or conditions. Can Milk Thistle Increase Breast Milk Supply? Read summary reviews of the latest research into the medicinal benefits of milk thistle. Milk thistle is a flowering plant that’s native to southern Europe, northern Africa, and parts of Russia and Asia. Milk thistle is available as a supplement from many health food stores. High cholesterol can lead to problems with heart health and increase a person’s chance of stroke. Learn more about them here, including some of the best options available for purchase. Milk thistle’s antioxidant power makes it a great option to treat acne. Calm an upset stomach. Although it can be used as food, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Diabetes. According to a comprehensive review of studies in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, milk thistle neither improves liver function nor reduces the risk of death in people with alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. Several smaller studies have suggested that milk thistle may benefit people with mild, subacute (symptom-free) liver disease. Milk thistle may trigger a number of side effects, including headache, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and gas. Phytomedicine. Given these contradictions, many scientists believe that milk thistle delivers something of a placebo effect in which a person feels an improvement in symptoms despite having no change in their clinical condition.. A double-blind controlled study. Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet and liquid extract. Indigestion (dyspepsia). Although it can be used as food, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. A double-blind controlled study, Herbal product use by persons enrolled in the hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis (HALT-C) Trial, Effect of silymarin (milk thistle) on liver disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C unsuccessfully treated with interferon therapy: a randomized controlled trial, Effects of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Milk thistle has been in use by herbalists for over 2,000 years in Europe. A 2016 study found that milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice. Milk thistle may play an essential role in supporting bone health. A 2012 study found that silymarin helped to protect against inflammation in the airways of mice with allergic asthma. What are the best CBD products for pain management? Milk thistle is an annual plant native to southern Europe and Asia, but today it is found all over the world. Some people with diabetes will take it to help lower blood sugar. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a thorny plant presenting decorative leaves with a white pattern of veins and purple flower heads.The plant originates from mountains of the Mediterranean region, where it forms scrub on a rocky base. The milk thistle may be beneficial in strengthening the immune response or the immune system of a person. Although milk thistle is most often used for liver conditions, such as hepatitis and cirrhosis, the herb is believed some to prevent or treat high cholesterol, diabetes, heartburn, upset stomach (dyspepsia), hangover, gallbladder problems, menstrual pain, depression, and even certain types of cancer. Learn more, including how long…. Milk thistle Plant description Milk thistle, Mary thistle or silymarin (Silybum marianum) is a herbaceous annual or biennial flowering plant of the daisy family (Asteraceae). One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. 99 ($0.17/Count) As milk thistle is a supplement, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not regulate it in the same way as they regulate drugs. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2014.12.010. It is sometimes suggested by herbalists to help treat liver diseases. This is of very little value to you and you should avoid buying this. Learn more about CBD use for pain here. Effect of silymarin (milk thistle) on liver disease in patients with chronic hepatitis C unsuccessfully treated with interferon therapy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. Milk thistle tonic is typically made by steeping a tablespoon of crushed seed in three cups of hot water for 20 minutes. Milk thistle benefits heart health and helps lower high cholesterol levels by reducing inflammation, cleaning the blood and preventing oxidative stress damage within the arteries. Until more research is carried out, however, milk thistle is not recommended as the primary treatment option for liver problems. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a native plant that grows in many parts of the world, including north and south America, Australia, Europe, and Russia. This herb is also used to lower cholesterol, treat diabetes and reduce cancer cells in the breast, cervix and prostate. This suggests milk thistle may be beneficial for those looking to lose weight. An early study from Finland found that a four-week course of silymarin supplements lowered key liver enzymes in people with subacute disease, suggesting the liver was functioning more normally.. A 2015 study found that milk thistle increased resistance to oxidative stress. For this reason, it is important to buy milk thistle from reputable retailers. Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. Different parts of the milk thistle plant may be used to treat various health conditions. A 2015 study found that milk thistle helped improve inflammatory skin conditions when applied to the skin of mice. 2005 Nov;100(11):2583-91. Hepatology. Milk thistle might help the body break down estrogen pills to get rid of them. As with any natural remedy, people should discuss using milk thistle with a doctor before taking it. Milk thistle is a herb that comes from the same group of flowers as the daisy – Asteraceae family. Each milk thistle flower contains dozens of seeds, which soon fall from the plant as the flower head matures, dries, and begins to turn brown. Milk thistle seeds only take only around two weeks to germinate. She is in private practice in Santa Monica, California. Reducing Bad Cholesterol. To ensure quality and safety, choose products that have undergone testing and certification by an independent certifying body like the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP), ConsumerLab, and NSF International. Despite the positive findings, subsequent studies have been unable to replicate the results or demonstrate that milk thistle prescribed on its own would render the same effects. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. In … Milk Thistle is commonly used in the treatment of liver disorders. The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. While more scientific studies are needed to prove the efficacy of milk thistle to treat or prevent any condition, there is a fountain of anecdotal evidence to support its use. Call 911 or seek emergency care if you experience shortness of breath, rash, hives, rapid heartbeat, lightheadedness, or swelling of the face, tongue, or neck after taking milk thistle. The active ingredient in milk thistle, silymarin, acts as an antioxidant by reducing free radical production. For more than 2,000 years, milk thistle has been used as a medicinal herb in traditional wellness practices. Milk Thistle. Last medically reviewed on December 20, 2017. It is used by many people, including those who were addicted to alcohol to cleanse the liver. Milk Thistle Benefits. R. Germany is the largest producer of milk thistle using it for dyspeptic complaints and various amounts of liver conditions. The most common use of milk thistle is for liver problems. Am J Gastroenterol. Men who have prostate cancer should not take milk thistle without the approval of a doctor. This herb is also used to lower cholesterol, treat diabetes and reduce cancer cells in the breast, cervix and prostate. They tend to give a more intense 'high' than smoking cannabis. Milk thistle is drought resistant and needs very little watering. The soil also needs to be well-drained. Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. Phytomedicine. Through the ages, the thistle has earned a reputation as a cursed plant. The active compound in milk thistle is known as Silymarin. 4 Simple Fatty Liver Prevention Solutions You Should Know, How Natural Remedies Can Help Your Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms, 3 Natural Ways You Can Reduce the Side Effects of Your Antibiotics, Milk thistle in liver diseases: past, present, future, Effect of silymarin on chemical, functional, and morphological alterations of the liver. Milk thistle is commonly used as a home remedy to treat liver problems, often under the presumption that it will "detoxify" the liver. Rev Diabet Stud. Further research on humans is needed to identify what benefits a person can expect from applying milk thistle to their skin. You can also grow your own milk thistle and make homemade tea if you’re up for harvesting the plants. Milk thistle may interact with some medications. Here are some of the most astounding health benefits of milk thistle: Helps in boosting the immunity. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Advil (ibuprofen), Celebrex (celecoxib), and Voltaren (diclofenac), Statin drugs like Mevacor (lovastatin) and Lescol (fluvastatin). Milk thistle is an annual plant related to the daisy family. 2008;47(2):605-12. doi:10.1002/hep.22044, Fried MW, Navarro VJ, Afdhal N, et al. Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. Further studies are needed before it is safe to conclude that milk thistle supports bone health in humans. A 2013 study found that milk thistle helped to prevent bone loss. An older study found that milk thistle extract had a positive effect on immune response in humans. Men who have prostate cancer should not take milk thistle without the approval of a doctor. In this way, milk thistle may help improve cognition and treat degenerative conditions that affect the mind. Milk thistle is used by some people to help with liver problems. Herbal product use by persons enrolled in the hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis (HALT-C) Trial. Milk Thistle standardized to 70% or 80% silymarin. A 2016 … It is a great tonic, increases appetite and aids in digestion. Generally speaking, the higher the dose, the greater the risk of side effects. In many places, milk thistle is considered to be extremely invasive. This plant derives its name from its large white veins and big prickly leaves. Bristly and prickly, it spreads rapidly and can take over vast fields where less invasive plants once stood. It’s primary function is protecting the liver and treating liver and gallbladder problems. The seeds of milk thistle are one of … Herbal product use by persons enrolled in the Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis (HALT-C) Trial. 2014;11(2):167-74. doi:10.1900/RDS.2014.11.167. Can milk thistle treat mushroom poisoning? Traditional uses and benefits of Milk Thistle Milk thistle is used in traditional Chinese medicine to clear heat and relieve toxic material, to soothe the liver and to promote bile flow. Few of these claims are supported by hard evidence. By contrast, fungal contamination is rare in milk thistle tea bags, extracts, capsules, tablets, and soft gels. Benefits Of Milk Thistle Milk thistle is one of the most popular herbs in the field of detox and liver health. Dietary supplements in the United States do not need to undergo the rigorous testing and research and testing that pharmaceutical drugs do. There’s not a ton … R. 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